A jewelry item that is cast has been made by a process that involves pouring molten metal into a mold and letting it harden. This process began in the 4th millennium B.C. starting with simple one-piece molds and evolving to three dimensional two-piece molds. There are many mold types and casting methods still in use today.

Anthropomorphical pendant of the Tairona people, representing a shaman holding two sceptres, wearing a large nasal ornament and a high headgear with two toucans. Lost-wax cast gold with false filigree decoration, 10th-15th century, Colombia.