Mexican Jewelry Maker's Marks

From Antique Jewelry University

Jump to: navigation, search

Héctor Aguilar

Aguilar Hector 1.svg

Héctor Aguilar
Mexico
Taxco
e. 1939

Specialties

  • Silversmith
  • Designer
  • Shop Manager at Taller de las Delicias for Spratling

1939
Opened his own shop.Taller Borda. He was joined there by

  • Julio Carbajal Lopez
  • Pedro & Juan Castillo
  • Slavador Garcia
  • Hector & Alfonso Gomez
  • Luis Reyes, A former Spratling salesman.

1941

  • Valentin Vidaurreta arrived in Taxco and collaborated with Aguilar until he died.
  • Worked in elaborate floral designs that became famous.

1943

  • Awarded a jewelry production contract for the costume jewelry company, Coro.

1948

  • Opened Taller Borda jewelry retail outlet, Taxco.

1966

  • Aguilar workshops closed, Héctor retired.

1986

  • Death of Héctor Aguilar.


Aguilar Hector 2.svg Aguilar Hector 3.svg Aguilar Hector 5.svg Aguilar Hector 6.svg Aguilar Hector 7.svg Aguilar Hector 8.svg Aguilar Hector 9.svg Aguilar Hector 10.svg Aguilar Hector 11.svg Aguilar Hector (copper).svg

Carmen Beckmann

Beckman1.svg

Carmen Beckmann
Mexico
San Miguel de Allende
c.1955

Specialties

  • Purchased items from a variety of artisans to stamp with her mark and sell in her store.


Beckman2.svg

Pedro Castillo

Castillo Pedro 1.svg

Pedro Castillo
Mexico
Taxco
e.1948

Specialties

1933

1939

1948

  • He set up a workshop in his home and singe his work PC.


Frederick Davis

Davis Frederick 2.svg

Frederick Davis
Mexico
Mexico City
1877 - 1960

Specialties

  • Silversmith
  • Designer
  • Ex-Pat American.

1910

  • Moved to Mexico working for the Sonora News Co.
  • Collected indigenous Mexican crafts and pre-Columbian art.
  • Opened a gallery that became a magnet for Mexican artists and distinguished collectors.

Jewelry

  • One of the first to produce jewelry in the now popular Mexican style.
  • Developed design ideas for jewelry inspired by pre-Columbian art and ancient symbols.
  • Employed excellent craftsman to execute his ideas.

Materials

1933

  • Merged with Frank Sanborn to run Sanborn's, exhibiting and selling work by the finest artisans and craftsmen in Mexico.

1961

  • Death of Frederick Davis.


Rafael Dominguez

Dominguez Rafael.svg

Rafael Dominguez
Mexico
Taxco
e.1943

Specialties

  • Rafael Dominguez - 1911-1980
  • Studied with Spratling
  • Owned Casa Dominguez silver and arts studio with his wive Juana.


Doris

Doris.svg

Doris
Mexico
Cuernavaca
1953-1971

Specialties

  • Shop in Cuernavaca



Far-Fan

Maker's Mark Name/Period Location Specialty
Plateria Farfan.svg
Far-Fan
?
Mexico City, Mexico

• Plateria FarFan


Dámaso Gallegos

Maker's Mark Name/Period Location Specialty
Gallegos, Damaso 1.svg
Gallegos, Damaso 2.svg
Dámaso Gallegos
(1890-1980)
e.1941
Taxco, Mexico

Worked for
Héctor Aguilar c.1940
• Married to the sister of Isidro Garcia Pina (Maricela)
1941
• Opened LaAmatista workshop
Style
• Floral Pins.
• Mexican scenic bracelets.
• Hair Clips.
• Table and Flatware.
• Christmas pins & earrings (machine made, hand finished.)
1976
• Dámaso Gallegos died.
• His son, Antonio continued the business.


Bernice Goodspeed

Maker's Mark Name/Period Location Specialty
Goodspeed, Bernice 1.svg
Goodspeed, Bernice 2.svg
Goodspeed, Bernice 3.svg
Goodspeed, Bernice 4.svg
Bernice Goodspeed
e.1938
Taxco, Mexico

• American Cultural Antrhopologist.
1930
• Moved to Mexico City to study.
• Met Carl Pappe, artist.
1935
• Married.
1938
• Moved to Taxco.
• Opened a studio and gallery featuring artifacts and art by Carl Pappe.
• Added jewelry and tableware to the gallery designed by Bernice.
Inspirations
• Indians of Central Mexico
• Archaeological finds in Panama & Tomb 7 treasure at Monte Laban.
• Spirals
• Old carved stones from her collection.
1971
• Bernice died.


Hubert Harmon

Maker's Mark Name/Period Location Specialty
Hubert Harmon 1.svg

Hubert Harmon 2.svg

Pair of Feet with Wings
Hubert Harmon
c.1942-1948
Taxco, Mexico

• An American designer who worked briefly in Taxco designing silver jewelry.
• Whimsical designs without any Mexican cultural influence.
• Worked in brass and other metals.
• Trained in Paris.
Worked for
• Schiaparelli
• Jean Patou
• Elizabeth Arden
• Moved to Taxco c. 1942


Enrique Ledesma

Maker's Mark Name/Period Location Specialty
Ledesma, Enrique 3.svg
Ledesma, Enrique 1.svg
Enrique Ledesma
e.1950
Taxco, Mexico

• Silversmith
• Designer
• Trained in his father's shop in Mexico City while a student of painting and sculpture.
Worked for
Spratling
Aguilar
Los Castillo
1950
• Opened his own shop.
Style
• Incorporates silver shapes into stone then polishes them together.
• These unique creations are then set in necklaces and bracelets.
1979
• Death of Enrique Ledesma.


Gerardo López

Maker's Mark Name/Period Location Specialty
Lopez, Gerardo 1.svg

Lopez, Gerardo 2.svg

Lopez, Gerardo 3.svg
Gerardo López
c.1939-c.1965
Taxco, Mexico

• Father to jewelry artisan Julio César López Heydeck.


Los Ballesteros

Maker's Mark Name/Period Location Specialty
Los Ballesteros.svg
Los Ballesteros
e.1937 -
Alleres de Los Ballesteros
Taxco, Mexico
Tourist Shops Throughout Mexico
• The Ballesteros had been silversmiths for generations in Guerreo.
• Jalil Majul Ballesteros was trained by his Grandfather and godfather in Iguala.
1937
• Jalil started a small family operation.
• Produced filigree in the Iguala style.
1941
• Switched to the style of the other Taxco silversmiths and stopped making filigree.
1950s
• Began a commercial expansion selling to tourists in their own shops in Mexico City, Acapulco, Puebla and Cuernavaca.
• Work was farmed out ot small family workshops in Taxco. Tools, model and silver were provided and items were signed Talleres de los Ballesteros.


Los Castillo

Maker's Mark Name/Period Location Specialty
Los Castillo 1.svg
Los Castillo 2.svg
Los Castillo 3.svg
Los Castillo 4.svg
Los Castillo 5.svg
Los Castillo 6.svg
Los Castillo 7.svg
Los Castillo 8.svg
Los Castillo 9.svg
Los Castillo 10.svg
Los Castillo 11.svg
Los Castillo 12.svg
Don Antonio (Tony) Castillo de Terán
e.1939


• Silversmiths
• Designers
• Brothers trained in the Spratling shop.
Early designs
• Based on Spanish Colonial ornaments.
• Scrolls
• Flourishes
• Fish
• Flowers
• Feathers
Later
• Ancient pre-Hispanic motifs and techniques.
Turquoise, malachite, chrysoprase and abalone shell inlay and mosaic.
• Developed techniques in mixed metals caled metales casados.
1953
• First Prize at the Sliver Fiesta for their mixed metals.

Maciel

Maciel 1.svg

Maciel
Mexico
Mexico City

Specialties

  • Prominent Mexico City Silversmith.


Maciel 2.svg

Margot de Taxco

Von Vorhees Margot 1.svg

Margot de Taxco
Mexico
Taxco
e.1948

Specialties

Founder Margot Van Vorhies Carr
1937

  • Arrived in Mexico City from America.
  • Met & Married Antonio Castillo of Los Castillo, moving to Taxco.

1948

  • Divorced
  • Opened a workshop and retail outlet.
  • Inventory #s for silver 5100-5707
  • for enamel 5109-5922

Specialized c.1955

Style

  • Heavily influenced by Art Deco and Art Nouveau.
  • Fascinated by Japanese art.
  • She designed everything they produced.
  • She produced a lot of suites and convertible jewelry.

Employed

  • Miguel Arias
  • Hilario Lopez
  • Miguel Melendez
  • Melicio Rodriguez
  • Jaime Quiroz

Process

  • Margot drew out each design and specified how it was to be produced.
  • Steel dies were made in her workshop and all pieces were stamped out from them.
  • Workers assembled, enameled, polished and completed the pieces.

1975

  • Margot's death


Von Vorhees Margot 2.svg Margot de Taxco Maker's Mark.jpg

Piedra y Plata

Martinez, Filipe 1.svg

Piedra y Plata
Mexico
Taxco
e.1950

Specialties

  • Silversmith
  • Designer

1950

  • Filipe Martinez opened Piedra y Plata.
  • Had a special interest in gemstones, setting them simply in unusual ways.
  • Sculptural designs with a sense of movement.


Matl

Poulat Matilda Eugenia 1.svg

Matl
Mexico
Mexico City
e.1934

Specialties

  • Silversmiths
  • Designers
  • Attended the San Carlos Academy of Fine Arts in Mexico City.
  • Matilde Eugenia Poulat & Ricardo Salas

Style

1960

  • Matilde's death.
  • Shop taken over by her nephew, Ricardo Salas.
  • His style was flatter and less decorated than Matilde's.
  • After 1960 jewelry marked MS-12 Matl with Ricardo Salas' signature.

2007

  • Ricardo Salas Poulat died.


Poulat Matilda Eugenia 2.svg Poulat Matilda Eugenia 3.svg

Emma Melendez

Melendez Emma 1.svg

Emma Melendez
Mexico
Taxco
1953-1971 e.1953

Specialties

Artisans represented include

  • Johny Melendez
  • Emma Melendez
  • Del Rio
  • Jose Luis Flores
  • Miguel Garcia Martinez
  • Victor Jaimez
  • Francisco Rivera

Style

  • Technically flawless designs that work smoothly.
  • Uses of oxidation on backgrounds.


Melendez Emma 2.svg

Miguel Melendez

Melendez Miguel.svg

Miguel Melendez
Mexico
Taxco

Specialties

  • Apprentice at Las Delicias under Don Antonio (Los Castillo)

1940

Specialized


Rafael Melendez

Melendez Rafael 1.svg

Rafael Melendez
Mexico
Taxco
(1911-1980)

Specialties

1939

  • Opened his own taller, Plateria Melendez.
  • Most items produced in .980 silver.


Isidro Garcia Piña

Maricela1.svg

Isidro Garcia Piña
Mexico
Taxco
e.1943 closed 1986

Specialties

  • Named his taller for his daughter, Maricela.
  • Became a silversmith by training with his brother-in-law, Damaso Gallegos.
  • Worked in .950 silver.

Style

  • Circular with floral elements.
  • Vines
    Pre-Columbian motifs.
  • Spirals & pinwheels.
  • Naturalistic silver orchids.
  • Scrolls.


Maricela2.svg

Antonio Pineda

Pineda Antonio 1.svg

Antonio Pineda
Mexico
Taxco
(1919 - 2009) e.1941

Specialties

  • Silversmith
  • Designer
  • Born in Taxco, Mexico and studied sculpture and painting.
  • Apprentice to the Taller de Las Delicias under William Spratling.

1941

  • Founded his own workshop called Antonio.

1946

1956

  • Opened a second workshop to meet the expanding needs of his clientele.

Style

  • Large size, clean lines with hollow construction.
  • Unique settings, joins and joints.
  • Evolved to be one of the most technically adept silversmiths in Taxco.

2009

  • Death at age 90.


Pineda Antonio 2.svg Pineda Antonio 3.svg Pineda Antonio 4.svg Pineda Antonio 5.svg Pineda Antonio Maker's Mark.jpg

Sigreido "Sigi" Pineda

Pineda Sigi 2.svg

Sigreido "Sigi" Pineda
Mexico
Taxco - Mexico City - San Miguel de Allende
1953-c.1975

Specialties

1950

1952

  • Opened "Plateros" (quickly changed to Sigi to identify with him.)
  • For several years Sigi wandered from San Miguel de Allende to Mexico City and back to Taxco setting up workshops.

Style

  • Modernist


Pineda Sigi 1.svg

Reveri

Castillo Reveriano & Maria 2.svg

Reveri
Mexico
Taxco
e.1952-1989

Specialties

Founders: Reveriano & Maria Castillo

1952

  • Reveriano and Maria opened Reveri.
  • Maria was the designer and Reveriano the silversmith.

Style

  • Smooth jewelry without much patterning.
  • Mixed metal flatware.


Castillo Reveriano & Maria 3.svg Castillo Reveriano & Maria 1.svg

Salvador

Teran Salvador 2.svg

Salvador
Mexico
Taxco & Mexico City
e.1952

Specialties

Founder: Salvador Vaca Terán, e.1952
1934

1939

  • Left Spratling and worked with his cousins, the Los Castillo family, for 15 years (under their signature.)

1952

  • Opened a workshop in Mexico City, employing 25 silversmiths.

Style

  • Pierced shaped over a shadowbox motif.
  • Extensive use of overlapping planes.
  • Modernist Designs.
  • Mosaics.


Sanborn's

Sanborn's 1.svg

Sanborn's
Mexico
Mexico City
1930-

Specialties

  • Mexico City department store selling silver, antiques and souvenirs.

1933

  • Fred Davis Left the Sonora News Compny and partnered with Frank Sanborn.
  • Davis was manager of Sanborn's for over 20 years.
  • Silver items were produced in a European style for Sanborn along with Fred Davis designs marked FD.
  • Valentin Vidaurreta produced jewelry for Sanborn's.

1950

  • Fred Davis retired from Sanborn's.


Sanborn's 2.svg Sanborn's 3.svg

William Spratling

Spratlling William3.svg

William Spratling
Mexico
Taxco
fl.1925-45

Specialties

  • Teacher in the Architecture Department at Tulane University.
  • Silversmith
  • Designer

1925

  • Traveled to Mexico to study Spanish Colonial architecture.
  • Made his first visit to Taxco and decided to live there.

1929

  • Moved to Mexico.
  • Invested it in a house in Taxco, near the silver mining region of Mexico.
  • Spratling created a jewelry workshop in Taxco.
  • Silver was not the usual jewelry material in Mexico and workers needed to be trained.
  • Created an apprenticeship system, training many who would later be famous in their own right.
  • Used native materials such as amethyst, turquoise and rosewood in his designs.

1935

  • Moved to a larger shop to accommodate the large number of tourists coming in on the improved roadways.
  • Sold furniture, rugs, wood and tin articles along with his silver jewelry.

1944

  • Went to Alaska at the invitation of the U.S. Department of the Interior.
  • Created 200 designs based on Alaskan motifs.
  • Trained Alaskans in Taxco and sent them back to train others.

1946

  • Spratling y Artisanos had 422 workers.
    • Hundreds of small shops were opened by men trained in Spratling workshops.

1967

  • Spratling died.
  • Alberto Ulrich purchased the estate and continued to produce jewelry under the name "Sucesores de William Spratling S.A."
  • Spratling was known throughout Mexico as the "Father of Mexican Silver."


Spratlling William1.svg Spratling-sig.jpg

Tane

Tane 1.svg

Tane
Mexico
Mexico City
e.1953-Current

Specialties

Founder: Pedro Leitese, 1953-Current

  • Large commercial operation with a workshop and foundry in Mexico City.
  • Workshop in Tlalpujahua, Michoacan with 90 craftsmen.
  • Silversmithing school in Zacatecas.

1942

  • Founded by Sergio & Natalia Leites, French immigrants.
  • Originally they made leather bags - tannerie, thus the name.

1953

  • Joined by José and Rosa Vilner who produced pre-conquest style designs.
  • Sold items to Tiffany.


Tane 2.svg


Ezequiel Tapia

Maker's Mark Name/Period Location Specialty
Exel Tapia
Ezequiel Tapia
b.1935-
Taxco, Mexico

• From a stone cutting family living near Taxco.
• Worked with his father producing pre-Hispanic reproduction sculptures.
• Won many awards.
1961
• Began to work in silver.
• Opened Casa Tapia in his home.


Janna Thomas

Maker's Mark Name/Period Location Specialty
Janna
Janna Thomas
c.1940-1980
Taxco, Mexico

• New York City designer with a workshop in Taxco, employing Taxco trained silversmiths.
1965-1980
• Made silver items for Tiffany.


Victoria - Ana Nuñez Brilanti

Victoria 1.svg

Victoria - Ana Nuñez Brilanti
Mexico
Taxco
e.1940-1978

Specialties

  • Fine arts instructor at an industrial arts school in Mexico City.

1940

  • Launched "Victoria" workshop.
  • Necklace commissioned for Eleanor Roosevelt by friends (collar de abanicos) became one of her most popular pieces.

1953

  • New workshop for her daughter and son-in-law named Cony and signed Victoria, Cony.

Style

  • Worked in mixed metals & .980 silver (marked .925 by Mexican law.)
  • Silver and copper combination with no backing so the front and back look the same.
  • Early electroplating of silver on copper.

Produced

  • Coffee & tea sets
  • Lamps
  • Pitchers
  • Boxes
  • Jewelry

Design Elements

  • Stylized flowers
  • Animals
  • Fish
  • Nature
  • Pre-Columbian motifs.
  • Unacceptable work was destroyed by the silversmith who made it.


Victoria 2.svg

Valentin Vidaurreta

Valentin 1.svg

Valentin Vidaurreta
Mexico
Mexico City c. 1941 Taxco
e.1935-1955

Specialties

  • Wealthy aristocrat who became an artist, amature horticulturist and silversmith.

Designs

Designed for

  • Fred Davis at Sanborn's.
  • Taller Borda.
  • Spratling, possibly.
  • His work was often signed by the workshop producing the design rather than with Vidaurreta's own mark.


Valentin 2.svg

Valentin 3.svg

Alfredo Villasana

Villasana Alfredo 1.svg

Alfredo Villasana
Mexico
Taxco

Specialties

Worked for

1950s

  • Opened his own taller.

Style


Villasana Alfredo 2.svg

Lang Antiques
Lang Antiques