One of the oldest chain making techniques is the so called 'loop in loop' method. This method avoids having to solder the links while connected and could therefore be used in ancient times. Starting with coiling gold wire around a dowel, loops are made by sawing or cutting along the length of the coil. This creates individual rounded lengths of wires which can then be individually soldered to form rings. The result is a multitude of closed loops. The simplest form of loop in loop chains is the single loop in loop chain where each loop is linked to the next by running the loops through each other and then bending them. The next loop is then passed through the opening at the other end, forming a chain.
The loop in loop technique can be expanded to several loops per 'layer' creating more complicated chains:
Around the eighth century BC 'strap chains' were introduced. These are made up out of several individual chains affixed alongside each other to form a flat band. A later development is that of chain mail: a fabric made up out of connected loops that was used as armor from as early as the 2nd century BC. Loops could be used in combination with plates to create all kinds of decorative designs that have been used as jewelry as well as armor.
A wide variety of chains have been produced, often with specific purposes. Below you'll find a collection of chain names with links to a short description; simply click on the chain name to learn more about it.
|Albert Chain||Muff Chain||Watch Chain||Fob Chain|
|Alma Chain||Belcher Chain||Benoiton||Curb Chain|
|Anchor Chain||Book Chain||Cable Chain||Figaro Chain|
|Gourmette Chain||Venetian Chain||Vest Chain||Waldemar Chain|