Faience, when used in combination with the prefix ‘Egyptian’ refers to a non-clay based ceramic used by the Egyptians to create colored glazed objects. One specific purpose of faience was creating beads to substitute for gem materials like lapis lazulicarnelianmalachite and turquoise.

Ancient Egyptian Faience.
Courtesy of the Vatican Museum, Rome.

Faience Wedjat Eye Pendant.
Courtesy of the British Museum.

Egyptian Revival Faience Scarab Bracelet.

Egyption Faience Statuette Pendant.