Herculaneum is a small Roman city in Italy, near Naples. It was buried in ashes after the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD, along with the Roman city Pompeii. The buried city was rediscovered in 1738 (after it was lost for nearly 1700 years) and several excavations were undertaken since that time. The ashes have preserved most of the city and its inhabitants, partially acting as a source of inspiration for the neoclassicism period in the 18th century.