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Quartz

Quartz is one of the most abundant minerals on earth and has been used as a gemstone for as long as mankind can remember. It occurs in many forms and colors but is colorless when pure which makes it an allochromatic gemstone. In order to shed some light on the different varieties, the quartz group is usually divided into two: the monocrystalline varieties and the polycrystalline varieties. To find out more about a specific member of the quartz group click on its name or image:

Monocrystalline Quartz

NameImage
Amethyst
AmetrineAmeterine
Aventurine
Citrine
Prasiolite
Rock Crystal
Rose Quartz
Smoky Quartz

Polycrystalline Quartz

NameImage
Amethyst
Bloodstone
Carnelian
ChrysopraseChrysoprase and Lapis Bypass Ring
JasperLarge Scottish Jasper Brooch
OnyxArt Deco Onyx and Diamond Locket Necklace Onyx[/caption]
SardonyxSardonyx

Gemological Information for Quartz

  
Color:All Colors
Crystal Structure:Trigonal
Refractive Index:1.544-1.553
Durability:Very Durable
Hardness:7
Family:Quartz
Similar Stones:
Treatments:May be Irradiated and Heat Treated, Depending on Variety
Country of Origin:Worldwide Deposits

Quartz Care

  
Ultrasonic Cleaning:Usually Safe
Steam Cleaning:Usually Safe
Warm Soapy Water:Safe
Chemical Attack:Avoid
Light Sensitivity:May Fade
Heat Sensitivity:May Change Color

More Information

Gems & Gemology: The Quarterly Journal of the Gemological Institute of America.

 

G&G Article Index: Quartz

  • Winter 1939, Quartz, by Braggs, p. 58, 1p.
  • Spring 1940, p. 79, 2pp.
  • Summer 1940, p. 87, 2pp.
  • Fall 1949, Aventurine Quartz, by Webster, p. 208, 4pp.
  • Winter 1949, Amethyst Color Induced in Rock Crystal via Cyclotron, p. 255, 1p.
  • Fall 1950, Quartz from Montezuma, Brazil, Turns Green Upon Heating, p. 346, 1p.
  • Winter 1950, Synthesis of Quartz Crystals, p. 359, 3pp.
  • Spring 1952, The Synthesis of Quartz, p. 151, 3pp.
  • Winter 1954, X-Ray Study of Fibrous Chalcedony (Iridescent Agate), p. 106, 3pp.
  • Fall 1957, “Green” Amethyst From Four Peaks, Arizona, by Sinkankas, p. 88, 8pp.
  • Summer 1960, A Citrine Triplet, p. 62, 1p.
  • Spring 1961, Worm-Like Inclusions, that Grow, in Chalcedony, p. 151, 1p.
  • Summer 1962, Quartz Triplets (Showing Absorption Spectrum), p. 307, 2pp.
  • Summer 1963, Quartz Cat’s-Eyes, p. 43, 1p.
  • Winter 1963, A Very Rare Star Amethyst, p. 101, 2pp.
  • Summer 1964, Reported Excellent Chrysoprase of Australia Proves to be Dyed Chalcedony, p. 180, 1p.
  • Fall 1964, Reported Excellent Chrysoprase of Australia Proves to be Dyed Chalcedony-Nomenclature, p. 216, 1p.
  • Fall 1965, Marlborough Creek Chrysoprase of Australia, p. 323, 9pp.
  • Winter 1966, Dyed Moss in Agate, p. 118, 2pp.
  • Summer 1968, A 6-Rayed Star Quartz Cabochon with Cat’s-Eye on One Side, p. 313, 2pp.
  • Summer 1968, Aventurine Quartz Inclusion, p. 315, 1p.
  • Fall 1968, Spherulitic Inclusions in Chalcedony, p. 344, 2pp.
  • Winter 1969, “Chrome Chrysoprase”-Jadeite-Like, p. 121, 2pp.
  • Winter 1969, Synthetic Smoky Quartz, Blue Quartz, and Green Quartz from Russia, p. 129, 3pp.
  • Spring 1970, Chrome Aventurine Quartz (Showing Absorption Spectrum), p. 158, 1p.
  • Summer 1970, White Star Quartz, p. 194, 2pp.
  • Summer 1971, Inclusions in Amethyst that Look Like Space Capsules, p. 322, 2pp.
  • Fall 1971, Dyed Chalcedony-Excellent Jade Imitation (Showing Absorption Spectrum), p. 350, 1p.
  • Spring 1972, Synthetic Quartz from Ohio, p. 8, 2pp.
  • Summer 1972, A 20-Inch High Carved Rock Crystal Vase, p. 43, 1p.
  • Fall 1972, An Odd 6-Rayed Star Quartz, p. 89, 2pp.
  • Spring 1973, Moveable Bubbles in Quartz Crystals, p. 150, 2pp.
  • Summer 1973, Fire Agate, p. 177, 1p.
  • Summer 1973, Petrified Palm Root, p. 182, 2pp.
  • Fall 1973, Fade Test on Gamma-Irradiated Quartz, p. 212, 2pp.
  • Winter 1973, A Rock Crystal Brilliant with Tourmaline Needle Crystal Running from Culet to Center of Table, Creates Many Reflections, p. 235, 2pp.
  • Winter 1973, Greenish-Yellow Citrine, Gamma-Irradiated (Test Available), p. 236, 2pp.
  • Spring 1976, Jade-Like Quartz, p. 155, 2pp.
  • Winter 1977, Imitation Bloodstone, p. 234, 1p.
  • Winter 1977, Star Quartz and Banded Synthetic Quartz, p. 310, 3pp.
  • Winter 1977, Another Multi-Star Quartz, p. 364, 2pp.
  • Winter 1977, Synthetic Amethyst from Russia, p. 365, 2pp.
  • Spring 1978, Inclusions in Agate and Their Origins and Significance, By Roger K. Pabian, p. 16, 12pp.
  • Winter 1978, Star Quartz, p. 364, 2pp.
  • Winter 1978, Synthetic Amethyst, p. 365, 2pp.
  • Spring 1979, Fire Agates of Deer Creek, Arizona, by James L. Sweaney, p. 130, 13pp.
  • Spring 1979, Synthetic Amethyst, Currently No Test for a Flawless Amethyst, p. 151, 3pp.
  • Summer 1979, Quartz: Myth and Magic, Science and Sales, by Cheri Lesh, p. 174, 5pp.
  • Summer 1980, Citrine-Amethyst Quartz – A Gemologically New Material, by John I. Koivula, p. 290, 4pp.
  • Winter 1980, More News On Citrine-Amethyst Quartz, by John I. Koivula, p. 409, 1p.